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Differences LAW & GRACE
Covenant of Law….God demanded righteousness FROM man
Covenant of Grace..God imparts righteousness TO man through the finished work of Jesus [Romans 4:5-7]
Covenant of Law….God will visit your sins to the third and fourth generations [Exodus 20:5].
Covenant of Grace..God will by no means remember your sins [Hebrews 8:12; 10:17].
Covenant of Law….The children of Israel were blessed only if they obeyed God’s commandments perfectly..inwardly and outwardly [Deuteronomy 28:13-14]
Covenant of Grace..Believers don’t have to depend on their self-efforts to receive God’s blessings, because Jesus fulfilled every one of the requirements of the law on their behalf [Colossians 2:14].
Covenant of Law….The children of Israel were cursed if they did not obey God’s
commands perfectly. [Deuteronomy 28:15-16, 18, 20].
Covenant of Grace..Believers can enjoy God’s blessings and undeserved favor because Christ became a curse for them on the cross [Galatians 3:13].
Covenant of Law….Depending on self-effort produces behavior modification without heart transformation.
Covenant of Grace..Beholding the loveliness of Jesus and His finished work brings about inner transformation, which produces good works that are motivated by God’s love [2 Corinthians 3:18].
Covenant of Law….The blood sacrifices of animals covered the sins of the children of
Israel for only one year, and the process had to be repeated every year [Hebrews 10:3].
Covenant of Grace..The blood of Jesus has removed the sins..past, present and future..
of believers, completely and perfectly. Once and for all. [Hebrews 10:11-12].
Covenant of Law….Obeying the law could not and did not give the children of Israel the power to make anyone holy, just and good.
Covenant of Grace..Sin has no dominion believers [Romans 6:14], as the power of Jesus to overcome temptation kicks in when they are conscious that they are righteous in Christ apart from their works. [Romans 4:6].
Covenant of Law….The children of Israel were robbed of their confidence in the goodness of God because they were always looking at themselves to see how well or poorly they performed (i.e. self-conscious).
Covenant of Grace..Believers can have a tremendous sense of confidence and security in Christ because they are now looking to Jesus and not themselves (i.e. Christ-conscious).
Covenant of Law….The children of Israel could not have an intimate relationship with God
because their unrighteousness put distance between them and God.
Covenant of Grace..Believers can enjoy enjoy a close, intimate relationship with God as their Father because they are made righteous by faith in Jesus [2Corinthians 5:17; Romans5:7-9; Hebrews 10:10].
Covenant of Law….The children of Israel could not enter the holy of holies ( where the presence of God was). Only the high priest could, and that only once a year, on the Day of Atonement [Leviticus16:2, 14].
Covenant of Grace..Not only can believers enter God’s holy presence,,they can also come
boldly to His throne of grace in their time of need because of Jesus’ perfect atonement .[Hebrews 4:16].
Covenant of Law….The children of Israel were under the ministry of death [2Corinthians 3:7]
Covenant of Grace..Believers are under the ministry of Jesus’ abundant life [2 Corinthians 3:6; John 10:10].